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Dr. Burcu KaramürselObstetrician, Gynecologist, Genital Esthetic Surgeon in Turkey
M.D. Burcu Karamürsel

Gynecology Turkey

Gynecology Turkey

Gynecology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the health and well-being of the female reproductive system. In Turkey, gynecological services are an integral part of the healthcare system, and women have access to a range of gynecological care options.

Here are some key points about Gynecology Turkey:

  1. Healthcare Providers: Gynecological services are typically provided by obstetricians and gynecologists. These medical professionals specialize in both obstetrics (care during pregnancy and childbirth) and gynecology (care of the female reproductive system outside of pregnancy).
  2. Services Offered: Gynecological services in Turkey cover a broad spectrum, including routine check-ups, screenings, contraception counseling, fertility evaluations, and the diagnosis and treatment of various gynecological conditions.
  3. Public and Private Facilities: Gynecological care is available in both public and private healthcare settings. Public hospitals, private hospitals, and clinics across the country provide these services. The choice between public and private healthcare often depends on individual preferences, financial considerations, and the specific healthcare needs of the individual.
  4. Quality of Care: The quality of gynecological care in Turkey can vary depending on the healthcare facility. Larger cities and urban areas generally have well-equipped medical facilities with experienced healthcare professionals. Patients often have the option to choose their healthcare provider based on their needs and preferences.
  5. Technological Advances: Turkey, like many countries, has seen advancements in medical technology. Gynecological procedures and treatments may involve the use of modern diagnostic tools and techniques.
  6. Cultural Considerations: Turkey has a diverse cultural landscape, and cultural considerations may play a role in healthcare practices. Respect for cultural norms and patient preferences is often considered in the delivery of healthcare services.

Gynecology in Turkey

If you have specific questions about Gynecology in Turkey or need information on a particular aspect of women's reproductive health, please provide more details, and I'll do my best to assist you.

Gynecology is the area of medicine that involves the treatment of women’s reproductive tract diseases.

Every woman at the reproductive age group should have an annual routine gynecological examination and screening tests, even if they do not have any symptoms, for the early detection of several gynecological problems, especially cancer.

The most common problems that are in the scope of gynecology are:

  • Menopause
  • Fibroids
  • Ovarian Cysts

Routine Gynecological Examination:

Every woman in the reproductive age group should have an annual gynecological check-up. During this examination Pap smear and/or HPV PCR test can be made for the early diagnosis and prevention of cervical cancer. Transvaginal ultrasonography can be used to visualise internal reproductive organs.

Yearly breast examination and breast imaging after 40 years is also recommended for the early diagnosis and prevention of breast cancer.


Menopause is defined as the period when a woman goes without menstrual bleeding for twelve months. It can happen in a woman’s 40s or 50s but it can also happen earlier.

Some women have no symptoms during menopause. Other women may experience symptoms such as hot flashes, emotional symptoms, sleep disturbance, vaginal dryness which decrease their quality of life.

Women are advised to follow a balanced diet and exercise programme during this period to stay healthy and decrease menopausal symptoms.

Some women may need hormone replacement therapy during menopause, because the symptoms are caused by decreased blood level of estrogen hormone.

Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy is the treatment made by processed hormones which come from plants and mimic the hormones produced by the body’s own glnads. The most commonly used bioidentical hormones are estrogen, progestin and testesteron.


Fibroids are non-cancerous masses made of uterine muscle that grow in the womb (uterus). Many women may have fibroids without knowing because most fibroids cause no symptoms.

Fibroids are commonly seen during the reproductive years and they almost never turn into cancer.

The most common symptoms of fibroids can be summarised as:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Pain during menstruation
  • Pelvic pain and pressure feeling
  • Constipation
  • Problems related to urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Growing tummy if a fibroid is too big

Ovarian Cysts:

Most of the ovarian cysts seen during reproductive years are benign functional cysts that necessitate no treatment. They are caused by the natural ovulation process.They are harmless, don’t cause any symptoms and go away without any treatment.

Other types of ovarian cysts are:

Cystadenomas-these cysts are filled with watery or mucous fluid.

  • Dermoid cysts (teratomas): They consist of cells of all types of tissue in the human body including hair, bone, fat tissue, teeth and hair.
  • Endometriomas: They contain endometrium tissue which forms the inner lining of the womb and sheds during each menstrual bleeding.
  • Ovarian cancer: These are solid masses made of cancer cells and they have a tendency to spread to other organs.
Burcu Karamürsel, MDDr. Burcu KaramürselObstetrician, Gynecologist, Genital Esthetic Surgeon in Turkey
+90312 219 2233+90545 219 2234
  1. Dr. Burcu Karamürsel
  2. Dr. Burcu Karamürsel
  3. Dr. Burcu Karamürsel
  4. Dr. Burcu Karamürsel