Gynecology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the health and well-being of the female reproductive system. In Turkey, gynecological services are an integral part of the healthcare system, and women have access to a range of gynecological care options.
Here are some key points about Gynecology Turkey:
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Gynecology is the area of medicine that involves the treatment of women’s reproductive tract diseases.
Every woman at the reproductive age group should have an annual routine gynecological examination and screening tests, even if they do not have any symptoms, for the early detection of several gynecological problems, especially cancer.
The most common problems that are in the scope of gynecology are:
Every woman in the reproductive age group should have an annual gynecological check-up. During this examination Pap smear and/or HPV PCR test can be made for the early diagnosis and prevention of cervical cancer. Transvaginal ultrasonography can be used to visualise internal reproductive organs.
Yearly breast examination and breast imaging after 40 years is also recommended for the early diagnosis and prevention of breast cancer.
Menopause is defined as the period when a woman goes without menstrual bleeding for twelve months. It can happen in a woman’s 40s or 50s but it can also happen earlier.
Some women have no symptoms during menopause. Other women may experience symptoms such as hot flashes, emotional symptoms, sleep disturbance, vaginal dryness which decrease their quality of life.
Women are advised to follow a balanced diet and exercise programme during this period to stay healthy and decrease menopausal symptoms.
Some women may need hormone replacement therapy during menopause, because the symptoms are caused by decreased blood level of estrogen hormone.
Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy is the treatment made by processed hormones which come from plants and mimic the hormones produced by the body’s own glnads. The most commonly used bioidentical hormones are estrogen, progestin and testesteron.
Fibroids are non-cancerous masses made of uterine muscle that grow in the womb (uterus). Many women may have fibroids without knowing because most fibroids cause no symptoms.
Fibroids are commonly seen during the reproductive years and they almost never turn into cancer.
The most common symptoms of fibroids can be summarised as:
Most of the ovarian cysts seen during reproductive years are benign functional cysts that necessitate no treatment. They are caused by the natural ovulation process.They are harmless, don’t cause any symptoms and go away without any treatment.
Other types of ovarian cysts are:
Cystadenomas-these cysts are filled with watery or mucous fluid.